PHD-027 – Living Under a Rock?


PHD027 – Living Under a Rock?

iOS 8 Update with “podcasts” app included. - Make sure you podcast is ready by Shawn Thorpe

 CBS loses suit by patent troll, Personal Audio

National Podcast Day!  – September 30th

 New Podcasts about podcasting (new to me anyway)


The Podcast Report – Paul Colligan

 The Podcast Reporter – Fred Castaneda 

Keep it simple stupid!  –  

I’ve gotten a bunch of questions about some of the minutia of things that most people won’t see or need to worry about.  Such as the feed address.  Normally in powerpress the feed address is  If you want to change that you can start a new channel with what you want at the end such as  but that adds complication to everything.  I’ve even had people worry about the links under the player having a different text color than they want for the link.  Another way is to add the static feed plugin. That way you can make your feed address . I’m sure someone out there will want to get rid of the .xml but sometimes you can’t have what you want.  The important thing is that your feed functions and updates when you put out an episode.  The address doesn’t matter much. It’s good to have your own domain name (as I always said) but the rest of it is kind of picky.  Stop it!  99% of the people that subscribe to your show in iTunes, Stitcher and wherever else will never see the feed address or the feed itself.

I guess the brings up a bigger problem I see with a lot of podcasters.  They get all caught up in the tech of it.  Focusing on the tech when everything works is the wrong way to go about it.  Believe me, I know how that can be.  I’m all about the techy side of things.  The most important thing about your show is your show.  Make good content and have fun with it.  Don’t worry about the minor picky things.  Once you get your feed working and your website working, go about the business of producing your show.  Promote it everywhere you can, and as long as people get your content, how they get it is beside the point.  It is interesting, but not the most important thing.

Along that same line…

Podcast Review swaps.  by Dave Jackson  on Podcaster News PodcastDayBadge-125x125

Question of the week

Q:  I use audacity to record/edit my show.  I notice the default setting for mp3 is 48,000hz sample rate at 128kbds bit rate.  Is this a good setting for podcasting?

A:  Well, no.  Let me explain. The standard for MP3 in podcasting (no, it’s not that other rates won’t work) is between 64kbds and 128kbds. So that part is good (although a bit large file size per minute).  It’s the 48000hz sample rate that should be changed to 44.100 to be the most compatible with players out there.  IF someone has a really old mp3 player, 48000hz will sound distorted where 44100 will not.

A bigger problem with audacity is the “LAME” mp3 encoder that comes with it.  Just as the name implies, it’s lame.  At least at a constant bitrate (in your case 128kbps). It sounds great with variable bit rate for music, but for voice and podcasting, you want to use a constant bit rate.  The easist way to get a good sounding MP3 is to use iTunes to convert your file from wav.  To do this, first in your itunes settings, make sure in the import settings, you have mp3 selected.  Then out of audacity, save the file as a .wav file.   Drag it into iTunes and right click.  Select “Make MP3 version”.  Then put your iD3 tags in that file and use that for your podcast.  By default, itunes will make a 44.1khz 128kbps file.  If you want to save on file size, and have the software (Adobe audition and others) save the mp3 at 96kbps or even 64 if it’s mostly voice.  This can save on hosting costs and make your shows quicker to download for your listeners.

Powerpress 6

Take a listen or watch the latest update in the powerpress podcast.  If you are using powerpress, it will be in your dashboard.  Otherwise, go here:

Todd and Angelo explain some of the cool new features of powerpress 6.0 coming out soon.

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PHD-026 – How *NOT* to get kicked off your Webhost


The company Personal Audio, The people claiming they have a patent for podcasting, that were suing Adam Carolla have tried to drop the lawsuit. They claim there is “no money” in podcasting. Adam has decided to not let it drop just yet and is keeping his counter-claims. His goal is to invalidate the patent. I’m not sure that’s a good idea. He’s raised nearly $1 million to fight them. I was listening to Adam Curry on No Agenda and he (the podfather) said that he thinks Corolla should give the cash to the EFF who is trying to get the patent invalidated. I’m not exactly sure what to think about it. Read more about it H E R E


I’ve been getting a lot of questions from people who have been asked by their webhost to upgrade because they are hogging all the CPU on a shared server. (a good problem to have)

– Not all webhosting is created the same.

– I would use the big guys for shared hosting. I’ve had the best luck with either Bluehost (you can help me out by using my affiliate link if you are going to go with Bluehost) or Godaddy hosting. (this podcast website is on Godaddy Linux hosting)

Bluehost just introduced their “Optimized Hosting For WordPress” (use my link code) which would solve the problem.

-Wordpress takes some CPU to generate your feed with powerpress. PHP is used to generate your feed on the fly. When someone requests your RSS feed, it pulls a little bit on the server’s CPU. Get too many requests at one time and your site can slow down a bit. The way it does that is PHP.

From Wikipedia: PHP is a server-side scripting language designed for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language. As of January 2013, PHP was installed on more than 240 million websites (39% of those sampled) and 2.1 million web servers.

– Say you have 1000 people that listen to your podcast every time you put out an episode and of those 1000 people, 50% are using your RSS feed, either with iTunes, the iOS Podcasts App or some other podcast app or rss reader. It’s not just 500 times does your feed get queried. It’s ever xx amount of time, it gets hit 500 times. over a week, if the podcatchers ping once a day thats 3500 times. Most of the time, most people (lets say 400) have it set to ping every hour. That would be 67900 times! If your show keeps growing, it won’t take long before your webhost will say that you are using too much CPU and ask you to leave. Hopefully they are nice enough to ask you to leave.

– There are many ways to fix this problem. Only 3 of them make any sense to me. As you know, I am a firm believer is owning your own brand and controlling your feed.

1. Upgrade your hosting. VPS, Dedicated server or WordPress optimized hosting. Bluehost just introduced their “Optimized Hosting For WordPress” (use my promo code) which would solve the problem.

2. Create a static feed. I would (and do) use Static Feed plugin. at . ignore the part about it not being updated in over
2 years. It works and it is supported (by me and Angelo) so don’t worry. I’m hoping Angelo will update it just to get rid of that warning. :)

3. Use a caching plugin. (not my favorite choice but it can work)

Others may tell you to use Feedburner. That will ‘sort of work’. It does take the load off your webserver, but you give up much more so it’s not worth it.

Still others will say, use your hosting company’s RSS feed. Both Libsyn and Blubrry offer a feed with a hosting account. I wouldn’t use that feed from either of them (although you could do worse since both companies will redirect your feed if you change your mind).

I’m going to be having another “off week” next week. So I will be back and we will continue the zero to itunes podcast series. Thank for listening!

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I’ll be back on 8-3-2014


The podcast Help desk is taking a short hiatus. I will resume the weekly schedule on August 3rd (a Monday).

I’m switching the schedule for a Monday release. That gives me time over the weekend to catch up if I got busy during the week.

I will be continuing my series on zero to podcaster with setting up WordPress.

Thanks for hanging in there!


PHD-025 – Q and A plus how to pick a domain and webhost for podcasting


Followup from last weeks show.

I did have a chance to listen to more of the podcasts in the list from last week. I have to say, that one of them seem a bit pushy selly. (if that’s a correct term) What I mean is that this show seemed more like an infomercial for consulting, affiliate program links and lacked useful information. I’m not going to call out this podcaster as I may have just caught a show that was more like that than normal. I will keep listening. It was entertaining and well produced, so I’m not saying it was bad or useless, just not my style. Enough on that for now. Film at 11 :)

Val, from the comments for Episode 23 asks:
Q: This all sounds fine…but I am a bit slow.
I have a mp3 file I uploaded to my site how do I get a feed to be able to sent to Itunes? I tried wordpress free version but the powerpress plug-in is disabled. I tried feedburner but it tells me that it cannot find my audio
I missing something??

A: Well, there are a couple of things going on here. The first thing is there isn’t really a good way to to do podcasting from WordPress.COM (notice I said wordpress DOT COM). is a service of a company called automatic. They are also the people behind the open source blogging software called WordPress.ORG (or just wordpress). They are not the same thing. Powerpress will not work with free (or paid) sites. It only works when you buy your own domain name, install on your webhosting account. There are ways to to podcast from, but they are not great.

One thing you could do is get hosting at With your media hosting they provide a website. (use my promo code NOBS for a free month) But, as always, I recommend your own domain with wordpress installed on it. You *can* (but not a long term thing) host your media on your webhost if you want. It will work while you are just starting out, but if your show grows quickly, you will want to get the media off your webserver. One place that will allow it is bluehost. They have some good deals on webhosting over there. Godaddy hosting is also a good place. They have tools that make it real easy to setup wordpress.

So, my advice to Val is to get your own domain, install wordpress and powerpress. See episode 1 of Podcast Tech Coach (Podcast Help Desk) for step by step instructions.

From a smart-aleck Jeffrey Powers, from Geekazine Via Facebook comment:
Q: What chair do you use?

A: I know Jeffrey was trying to be funny, and of course, I am in a squeaky chair in Northwest Lower Michigan… But that does bring up a good topic. That is Studio comfort.

If you are uncomfortable or your gear isn’t organized, your podcast won’t be as enjoyable to produce. Make sure you chair, desk, table, keyboard and everything else is setup in a way that you are relaxed while podcasting.

Today, I want to start a series on going from zero to a fully ready to go podcast website complete with RSS feed and iTunes and Stitcher listings. I will also be making these into screencast videos which will be available on YouTube and on this site.

Today’s topic: Selecting the domain name and getting web hosting account.
Domain names are the heart of your branding for a podcast. Selecting one is something you should only have to do once

Heil PR40 – $327.00 – my Old standby

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PHD-024 – Podcasts about podcasting and other resources


This may seem counter-intuitive, but I only want you to have as much info as you can. My fellow podcasters that podcast about podcasting have a lot of great information. There isn’t any real competition in this field. We all have our own take on things and for the most part, everyone puts out great advice. Personalities and styles are quite different and you might not like someone’s style so here is the best (in my opinion) of the people you should also listen to.

I suggest you pick a few other shows and sites from below to round out your podcasting education.

Podcasts about podcasting in no particular order: ( I randomized it)

Listen to the show for my comments about each of these links (agree or not they are well thought out)

Ask the Podcast Coach – Dave Jackson

The Audacity To Podcast – Daniel J. Lewis

Podcast 411 – Rob Walch

More Podcast Money – Dave Jackson

New Media Show – Todd Cochrane & Rob Greenlee

Start Talking and Recording today – Nick Seuberling 

Podcasters Roundtable – Ray Ortega + others

The Powerpress Podcast – The Blubrry Official Podcast

Podcast Talent Coach – Eric K. Johnson

Podcast Answer Man – Cliff Ravenscraft

Podcast Quick Tips – Ray Ortega

Podcaster’s Studio – Ray Ortega

School of Podcasting – Dave Jackson

The Feed – The Offical Libsyn Podcast

The Podcast Review Show – Dave Jackson (paid reviews)

Podcasting Resources (Most all the Podcasts above also have written and video resources)

How To Record Podcasts – Jeffrey Powers

The Podcasting Manual –

Blubrry Podcasting Forum –

Google Plus Podcasters Community  –

Google Plus Podcasting Technology Resorces –

Facebook Podcast Community –

How to Start A Podcast – Patt Flynn

Podcasting AtoZ – Cliff Ravenscraft

Podcasts about Podcasting list – Dave Jackson

Podcast Places – Daniel J. Lewis

Apples “Podcast Specs” page for iTunes

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PHD-023 – Podcasts App problems, Feed Size Problems, Soundcloud for podcasting and a Cheap mic shootout

phd300_2014Apple’s “Podcasts” app on IOS crashed for almost everyone yesterday. 

Apple is going to be making the PODCASTS app, one of the default aps in IOS8! Good news for podcasters!

Soundcloud for podcasting

Why you shouldn’t use Soundcloud (or any other proprietary service) as your only point of presence for your podcast.

it’s in beta (after 3 years?!?!) I don’t trust beta.

It costs some money and it’s limited on the TOTAL uploads, not monthly like other services (like blubrry or libsyn)

They mess with your file. What you upload is not exactly what your listeners will download. (even if it is just a filename change)

If you use their RSS feed, you will have trouble keeping YOUR audience when you decide to leave.

One cool thing they do have is the player, but I’m guessing there will be players like that coming out for other services / systems soon.

Q: My latest podcast episode is not listed on iTunes and it’s been a week. What’s going on?

A: In the case of this questioner, it was their feed size was too big.

Here are some ways to make the feed size smaller:
1. Reduce the number of episodes in the feed
2. Write less text in your posts for podcast episodes
3. In powerpress, turn on “Feed maximizer”

I know most people want to have EVERY episode in the feed, but in most cases it’s not needed.

Q: If I’m going to add a digital recorder to my audio chain, why not use one of the cheap recorders like the Zoom H1 for $99?

A: There is no reason not to use the h1. But, look at the recorder specs of any other cheap recorders and make sure it has 2 things.
1. Line level input
2. Records in Stereo in .wav format (uncompressed)
Recording to mp3 can cause quality problems. Even on the more expensive recorders. The Zoom H1 would be a great little studio recorder for backup or even the main recording.

R-05 for $199

Q: What is the best Microphone for me?

A: I get this one a LOT! It depends on your voice, your studio, your budget and your preferences. We talk about this a lot and we podcasters (most of us) are gear heads. If your budget allows, try a bunch of mics.. you can always trade, sell them later.

I’m going to test 2 inexpensive mics here. You tell me if you think it was worth the $300 for my PR40 (other than it looks really cool).

The first one I’m going to test is the $59.99 ATR2100 from Audio-Technica

The other one is even cheaper!

The $24.99 Behringer XM8500  The cheap mic :)   Love it anyway.

As you can see, you can go as cheap or as expensive as you need and still do a great job of podcasting with good audio.. No excuses for crappy audio :)

Heil PR40 – $327.00 – my Old standby

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PHD-022 – The Basics of RSS and Podcasting


This week I had a lot of questions from new and prospective podcasters that show that, even though podcasting has been around a while (10 years), people seem to have trouble with how it works.

So I am going to explain it in very basic terms. This would be a good episode to pass on to people you know who ask you about how podcasting works, what it is, and how it DOESN’T work.

Ok, The first thing about podcasting you should understand is, that it is driven by the RSS feed. What is an RSS feed? RSS stands for Really Simple Syndication. What that means is that it’s a file on the web (either static or dynamically generated) in XML format. It contains “posts” or “items” in reverse order newest first and oldest last. RSS is a standard where the content is not formatted in a particular way as how it’s displayed. It’s just the raw content (mostly text) and the receiving program (RSS Readers) format it for display on a screen. The raw RSS was never meant for humans to see. It’s meant for machines to see, interpret and display as they see fit.

For podcasting, Dave Winer (who invented RSS) added some magic to RSS to allow “enclosures” which can be any sort of file that once delivered to an RSS reader would download to the local users device (at that time computers only). This is what allows us to enclose our mp3 files in the RSS feed for delivery to our listeners. (works the same for video files)

So basicly how this works for Real people is like a Radio. Your RSS feed is the transmitter and the listener’s Podcatching software is the receiver. They “Tune” (subscribe) to your RSS feed just like you might tune your radio to 98.1 to listen to the Bob and Tom show on your local radio station. The difference is you can “Tune” your podcatcher to more than one station at a time and it “records” (downloads) the show for playback later kind of like a DVR would for a tv show, that can be played back at a later time.

The podcatching software all works a bit differently from one another, but uses the same basic method to get your podcast files to the listener. Some now allow streaming of your files so instead of downloading the whole file before you play it, it plays it on demand. Apps like Stitcher, Tunein and even Apple’s “Podcasting” IOS app can do this. (I prefer to download the files so I don’t’ have to use up my data plan when I’m away from wifi on my phone)

The import part is to have your RSS feed formated correctly so that all these podcatching software apps can read it correctly.

In 2005, Apple added podcast support to iTunes and we have never been the same since! The only issue at that time was they added some iTunes specific tags that needed to be there for the podcast to look right in iTunes. If you use a plugin like Powerpress, and fill out all the settings, all those tags will be there in the correct place and your show will look right on those apps.

While we’re on the subject of iTunes, I want to re-iterate that you do not UPLOAD to iTunes. You do not have an iTunes feed. Just because the iTunes store doesn’t LIST your episode, doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist. People get so worried about what iTunes shows in their listings they don’t realize that the listing isn’t the important part. It’s the RSS feed. People who subscribe to your show in iTunes are subscribed DIRECTLY to your rss feed. The iTunes store (where your listing lives) doesn’t update in real-time. If I put out a podcast at 3pm on Friday afternoon, at 301pm it will be available to be downloaded via someone subscribed in iTunes. The listing might not update for 2 hours or 2 days.

Media Hosting / Web hosting

Your web page (if you are doing it the way I suggest) is where your RSS feed lives. The place where your media files (mp3’s) live can be anywhere that is accessible on the web. To be included on iTunes, there are some other requirements for the server, but if you use a good media host (such as that is all taken care of. In fact, as I have said many times, it’s not a good idea to server media from a webhost. Just webpages.

From Gene:
Q: I was able to use the right click button inside ITunes to Show Info”of the podcast. I see your settings for Name/Artist/Album Artist, etc.

However, I don’t see your show notes under any of the tabs.
I’m asking because when I’m listening to your podcast on my ipad and i touch your album art, several paragraphs of text appear.

How did you enter that so that it would show up that way?

A: Great question! The way that works is your podcatcher (in this case iTunes or the Podcasts app on IOS) takes my show notes (which are really just taken from the blog post attached to the episode) and makes them show up there. That is what is in the RSS feed. The text from my shownotes / blog post and the mp3 file. Not all podcatchers work that way so you can also put the shownotes in the “lyrics” tab in the id3 tags or the “get info” area when you process the mp3.

Cliff Ravenscraft article in Soapbox Cincinnati

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PHD-021 – Your questions, Mike’s Answers – Podcast Cover Art and iTunes SEO


Recovered from the great basement flood :)

Q: My podcast artwork doesn’t show properly in iTunes / Stitcher / whatever other podcatcher

A: There are 3 places in your feed that the image needs to be.

1. Is in the mp3 files itself. A image bigger than 600 x 600 needs to be in the iD3 tags of EACH of your podcast mp3’s. I do this using iTunes on my computer by dragging the mp3 into a playlist I called “edit” and then I right click on the mp3 in itunes and select “Get Info”
In there is some tabs. In the Artwork tab you can upload your image there. Also fill out the “info” tab while you are in there.

2. RSS2 image – 144 x 144 px image (or larger) I just use the same 1400 x 1400 image for all 3 items. Saves time :)

Your Podcast Title

3. iTunes image – 1400 x1400 px, RGB jpg or png (I recommend JPG for file size) and under 500mb.

If you use Powerpress with wordpress (Like I recommend) you can just fill out the “Feeds, iTunes and the Artwork tab in powerpress settings. (Have your image or images ready)

As always, give iTunes (especially) at LEAST 3 days to update and it can take longer (like 3 WEEKS!!).

Along a similar line:

Q: How do I force iTunes into updating my image. I changed my image over 7 weeks ago.

A: Well, as I say over and over, you don’t force Apple (iTunes) to do anything. What you can do is trick it into thinking you have a new image. Do this by changing the name of the images in your feed. This will sort of force iTunes into updating your image.

Q: Where do I find someone to make my Podcast Artwork?

A: What I use is It costs $5 for someone to make your image. You might have to spend $5 a few times, but it’s much cheaper than hiring an artist to do it for you. I’ve had great luck with fiverr for images and intro voiceovers.

Q: I can’t find my podcast in iTunes by searching for my keywords.

A: iTunes SEO (thats what I call it) is much the same as Google except iTunes seems to (and nobody outside of Apple knows for sure) also weigh the search results by how popular your podcast is (how many subscribers and reviews you have). It’s not an exact science and it’s competitive. It also take a LONG LONG time to show any improvement.

Last one for this week, Q: Do I need to have my post “published” before I submit my feed to iTunes?

A: Duh! (this is why I don’t use names often in my Q and A’s ) :) Yes, for a podcast feed to be valid, you MUST have published at least one episode.

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PHD – No Episode This Week


Due to flooding in my Studio (see picture) and the fact that Servpro has about 20 fans and other noisy equipment running in my basement. I’m not able to do a full episode this week. The file I have with this episode was recorded from my iphone and sounds like crap. Sorry about that! I will be back with Episode 21 next week as long as the river doesn’t rise again :)


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PHD-020 – On the road again – Mobile Podcasting Safety Tips and Lots More


Today was a mobile podcast and I touched on a lot of stuff.  Even some safety tips if you are going to drive and podcast at the same time :)

I also talked about (in no particular order!)

Better show notes for the next show!

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